Badminton nutrition is key to long term successful performance on the court. For the professional matches of Badminton the weight of feathered shuttle is fixed from BWF. The task was to perform the furthest possible front bend with arms extended and hands on top of each other, palms facing downward. One of the good health benefits of playing badminton is to improve metabolism due to the increased cardiopulmonary function. A badminton player moving around the court from back to front and side to side at high speed and efficiency Balance The ability to maintain the body’s centre of mass above the base of support The adductors and abductors, located on the inside and outside of your thighs, respectively, are also heavily involved, especially when you lunge in multiple directions. A greater horizontal explosiveness will result in the player being able to reach the shuttlecock faster and thus force a speedier pace of play. Similarly, there was no significant correlation between BMI and motor performance characteristics on all the variables. The maximum weight is 5.50 grams while minimum weight of shuttle must be 4.74 grams. The players’ weight in the current study is also lower than those obtained in studies on sub-elite male badminton players who weighted 77.5±5.9 kg28 and junior players whose body mass were 61.1±16.6 and 63.5±4.9 kg27,31, respectively. However, there are few comparisons of anthropometric characteristics and body composition in young high-level tennis, badminton and table tennis players. Results: There was significant correlations between height and running-speed (r = 0.44, p = 0.02), push-up (r = 0.48, p = 0.01), sit-up (r = 0.58, p = 0.00) and vertical-jump (r = 0.72, p = 0.00); percentage of body fat and sit-and-reach (r = 0.55, p<0.05), running-speed (r = 0.65, p = 0.00). When you eat “bad foods” such as junk food regularly and maintain a sedentary lifestyle, you are consuming more calories than you use. A diet can mean several things. Informed consent was obtained from participants prior to data collection. In fact, fats contain more energy than carbohydrates. In this study, the players’ trunk flexibility values were 15.1±4.3, 13.9±3.3, 13.7±3.7 and 16.5±2.5%, respectively for female, male, provincial and national badminton players, with no significant differences across the various categories. The mean values between national and provincial level badminton players (Table 2) demonstrated no significant difference (t = 0.03; p = 0.97) between the national (173.3±13.0 cm) and provincial (173.1±7.6 cm) players. ), Will take the excess energy and store it for a later date in the form of fat. No norms were available for the seven-site skinfolds measure. Players With The Fastest Smash In Badminton Doubles, 5 Basic Tips To Improve Your Net Play In Badminton Doubles, Common Mistakes When Playing A Backhand Clear, Guest Post: Badminton Singles Strategies To Help You On Court | BadmintonJustin, Singles – Strategies & Tactics – The Base Position. It is concluded that the Badminton players of this study presented similar results to elite players from other countries. Junk food typically has very little nutritional value. Vertical Jump test (VJ): The procedure to describes the method used for directly measuring the VJ height jumped. The results further indicated significant gender differences as male players had superior speed compared to the female (t = 4.3, p = 0.00). Readings were taken to the nearest 0.1 cm. In This study physiological variables were taken (i. Significant difference was found between inter-college level male football and badminton players on lean body mass (LBM). The diameter of the … Just as you train specifically for badminton, you should consume the right amount of nutrients from the right sources which benefit your game. Download PDF. Anthropometric measurements have the potential to quantify the relationship between bone mass, body structure4,5, physical characteristics and individual players’ sporting abilities6-8, thereby providing the basis for evaluating sport performance9. I will cover them quite generally here. The BMI of the male badminton players in this study is lower than that of elite badminton players10,25,28, with reported mean values of 23.6±1.96, 21.5±2.7 and 23.4±1.6 kg m2, respectively and junior players27 (20.56±3.39 kg m2) but comparable to the value30 of 18.9±2.05 kg m2. Without sufficient water, our bodies will not be able to perform at all, let alone efficiently on the court! Body composition is an important aspect of fitness11. Also, the national players exhibited satisfactory anthropometric and motor fitness parameters compared to the provincial badminton players. It’s basically a conscious effort to avoid “bad foods.” In doing so, the end goal is often to lose weight/fat. Badminton also involves lots of twisting and reaching movements, which place a significant demand on your core muscles—your abs, waist and lower back. For motric abilities evaluation the players used their usual The values obtained in the current study falls within these ranges. Although, data on AAL tend to be scarce, especially for badminton players, the AAL for national and international badminton and squash players ranged from 1.2-1.56 and 1.1-1.47 m for male and female, respectively14. Badminton is a racquet sport played using racquets to hit a shuttlecock across a net.Although it may be played with larger teams, the most common forms of the game are "singles" (with one player per side) and "doubles" (with two players per side). A correlation was also found between AAL and motor performance characteristics, with the exception of SR (r = 0.05) and LJ (r = 021). We are going to cover at a basic level what nutrition is and why it’s important for your badminton. There was a significant difference (p = 0.00) in BMI between the male (19.1±2.3 kg m2) and female (23.2±1.9 kg m2) players, with the females having higher BMI values. For example, a badminton player may require higher carbohydrates and proteins. So simply, if you provide the body with as much energy as you burn, you’ll roughly maintain the same body composition. It has been established that excess percentage of body fat (%BF) is detrimental to health and that the %BF required for excellence in performance differs between males and females and varies from sport to sport12. The aims of this study were to describe the anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype of elite male and female junior tennis players, to compare the anthropometric data, body composition and somatotype of the first 12 elite junior tennis players on the ranking with the lower ranked players, and to establish an anthropometric profile chart for elite junior tennis players. or other muscles are sore the next day. Therefore nutrition is about ensuring we are getting the right amount of nutrients to keep our bodies running efficiently. Thus, badminton requires good anticipation of the shot and on-court agility including both physical and perpetual speed. Lack of vitamins and minerals (or too much!) The badminton trainers, coaches, sport scientists and team involved with designing the badminton training programme should take cognizance of the players’ anthropometric and motor performance variables into consideration in order to achieve high performance. It will help support this website and enable me to provide you with more badminton content! Consider how much of your body is muscle and you’ll have a rough idea of the importance of this nutrient! Similarly, few studies have assessed the length and circumference of the arm and legs, which could be advantageous in the ability to cover the court17,28,36. Similarly, the national (138.2±9.6 cm) players had higher AAL values than the provincial (136.3±7.1 cm) players, respectively. Without sufficient trunk development in terms of strength and endurance, strokes will lack power and control42. An explosive player will typically be able to jump high, change direction quickly and will generally appear to be swift and mobile on the badminton court, due to ability to combine coordination and muscular properties38 and will have a significantly improved and reduced reaction in the response-time during movements. Comparatively, there was a significant correlation between height and motor performance characteristics on all the variables with the exception of SR (0.07) and LJ (0.06) (p>0.05). The anthropometric and motor performance characteristics of the participants stratified by gender are displayed in Table 1. The size of feathers must be 2 to 12 inches. Introduction. In which concerns global orientation mean values were 2.2 ± 0.8 for the ego and of 4.4 ± 0.4 to the task. Furthermore, long arms are advantageous in badminton that involves jumping to reach a shuttle at the highest possible point when descending for a better stroke as in a smash and drop shot13,14. Flexibility is relevant to jumping, swimming, racket and most team sports37. All the players participated at the 2010 Commonwealth Games selection trials. Correlation between anthropometric and motor performance characteristics of the participants as shown in Table 3. The VJ value in the study, corresponds with those obtained from local league, national league and elite level badminton players, which ranged from 55-75 cm38, whereas 60-70 cm is the minimum range for the lunge jump for male badminton players38, however, the females had lower values in comparison. Except, LJ (0.26; p = 0.18), there was significant correlations between %BF and motor performance characteristics in all the variables. Likewise, the male (42.8±13.3 ×/1 min for PU and 80.4±18.3 ×/2 min for SU) players had significantly (p<0.05) superior performances in the PU and SU tests than the female (27.3±10.7 ×/1 min for PU and 58.8±16.7 ×/2 min for SU) players. We will be exploring each nutrient separately and why they are important to a player’s development and recovery, and the impact each nutrient has on training and match fitness. The running distances covered in this study was 35 m in 4.6±0.3, 5.3±0.4, 4.3±0.3 and 4.9±0.4 sec for male, female, national and provincial players, respectively. An alpha level of 0.05 was used for all statistical significance. This review focuses on the game characteristics, anthropometry, physiology, visual attributes and biomechanics of badminton. Also, the BMI and %BF of the players are in a normal range for good performance. The mean values for weight, height, BMI, AAL, muscular endurance, PU and SU were 60.6±5.8 kg, 173.2±8.7 cm, 20.4±2.9 kg m2, 136.6±7.5 cm, 38.0±14.4 ×/1 min and 73.6±20.2 ×/2 min, respectively (Table 1). It would be rather advantageous for the male players as horizontal explosiveness is important in taking lunge jumps to execute net shots. The finding of this study further confirm that scientific physical conditioning and training principles are important for optimal performance in badminton; and thus, should be followed in designing the training protocol for badminton players. The badminton sport science training programme provided will involve testing 17 elite youth badminton players at key points within the badminton season. These are just a couple of examples of why good nutrition is important to a badminton player. Out of the options of Body Size and Composition, Muscle Strength, Muscular Endurance, Power, Speed / Quickness, Agility, Flexibility, Balance and Coordination, and Cardiovascular Endurance, the factors which are considered most important by the readers of this site are Agility and Speed / Quickness. Having the most appropriate body size and composition is part of making a champion badminton player. Vital Capacity (FVC, PIF & PEF) ii. The badminton shuttlecock has a short flight time, and a player has about 1 second to react and intercept it. To achieve this, it is imperative to ascertain the specific attributes and factors that contribute to playing ability17. can lead to medical issues, some of which are very severe. The findings of this study should inform trainers, coaches and sport scientists in the designing and training programme to enhance badminton performance. The male players were taller than elite players and junior players reported mean heights in other studies: 172.4±5.329, 160.4±6.830, 166.4±5.625 and 165.5±5.3cm31. Skinfold thickness was measured using Harpenden skinfold caliper and surgical pen marker (Creative Health Product, MI, USA) by grasping a fold of skin and the underlying subcutaneous tissue at the site to be measured. Anthropometric measurements are often used to classify players according to their respective age or level of performance. Depending on your lifestyle, age and other factors, the required nutrients do not change, but the quantities of these nutrients may vary. The ethics committee of Bayero University gave approval for the study (BUK/SPS/PHE/09/0005). A diet does not always provide the right nutrition. Historically, the shuttlecock (also known as a “bird” or “birdie”) was a small cork hemisphere with 16 goose feathers attached and weighing about 0.17 ounce (5 grams). Measurement procedures However, the female players were more flexible, which could be attributed to either bone structure or genetic difference. Apart from flexibility (t = 0.7, p = 0.43), male players demonstrated superior health and motor fitness compared to female players. For example, are you getting your protein from a turkey breast or from KFC? Anthropometric characteristics are closely linked with motor performance characteristics as body size and proportions, physique and body composition are important factors in physical performance and fitness. Barrow, H.M. and Mc Gee. The national (16.5±2.5 cm) players were more flexible compared to the provincial (13.7±3.7 cm) players (Table 2). Therefore, badminton players with a high lean muscle mass would be able to generate higher force for jumping while playing14. Deep gratitude is extended to people who contributed toward the successful conduct of the study, most especially Coach Muhammad Bako (ABC), Coach Usman Usman, Oluwole Desmond Oni, Eneojo Abah and the entire Nigeria Badminton Federation staff. Download Free PDF. R. (1979). Flexibility: The sit-and-reach test was conducted indoors using a sit-and-reach box supplied with a tape measure using the procedures outlined in the ACSM manual19. Conclusion: A significant correlation exists between some anthropometric characteristics’ and motor performance characteristics in badminton players. However, the rate at which they provide energy is slower because, in order to convert it to energy, oxygen is required. Therefore it’s important to aid to refill these stores by consuming carbohydrate-rich foods in order to aid recovery and help to replenish your glycogen stores. The finding of this study demonstrates a significant gender difference (t = 4.58, p = 0.00) in BMI, with no corresponding difference observed between national and provincial players. ... the most important thing to be a badminton player is to take care about there stability of there mind. There was no significant correlation between weight and motor performance characteristics (SR, RS, PU, SU, VJ and LJ) (r = 0.07, 0.04, 0.99, 0.12, 0.11 and 0.24; p>0.05). PDF. Nutrition and diet are sometimes used interchangeably. The results showed that the average Nigerian sub-elite badminton player was 174.1 ± 6.92 cm tall, weighed 67.37 ± 6.56 kg,had a BMI of 22.3 ± 2.21, Ʃ7 skinfolds of 52.98 ± 13.7 mm and % body fat of 9.18 ± 4.56. This paper. A diet is not the answer if you’re looking for ways to increase your energy and output on the court in the long term. High levels of flexibility are also needed so that the players are able to position themselves to hit the shuttlecock more powerfully25. The measurement was recorded with a required accuracy of less than 1.5 mm. The Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0 software was used to determine the descriptive, multiple correlation coefficient (r) and independent t-test statistics. The explosive powers of the study participants obtained were 3779.8±1309.3 W (50.9±10.2 cm) for VJ and 3925.5±1260.8 W (53.3±9.4 cm) for LJ. You can add your vote too. If you want 15% off Alien Pro’s awesome looking badminton grips – click here and use the code “shuttlesmash” at check out! A similar beneficial trend was noted for the national players, in contrast to the provincial badminton players. This present study examined the relationship between anthropometric and motor performance characteristics of Nigerian national badminton players. Body control is crucial for the execution of … Introduction Basketball is one of the most practised sports in … PDF. Also, the national (57.2±11.6 ×/1 min for PU and 94.0±15.6 ×/2 min for SU) players had substantially better PU and SU performances than the provincial (33.0±10.3 ×/1 min for PU and 68.3±18.0 ×/2 min for SU) players (p<0.05). Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Premium PDF Package. Players are generally tall and lean, with an ectomesomorphic body type suited to the high physiological demands of a match. Similarly, in sports where body weight has to be lifted repeatedly against gravity, such as in badminton; extra mass in the form of fat would be disadvantageous11. The study examined the relationship between anthropometric and motor performance characteristics of Nigerian national badminton players. A good metabolism helps our body to maintain its good physical composition and helps us to stay fit. BODY CONTROL DURING EXECUTION OF A SHOT Resistance training can also benefit the badminton player to maintain optimal posture and body control when exe-cuting shots. In short body composition plays a very important role in sports. Badminton (B), and Squash (S) players. The number will vary on a number of factors such as muscle mass, fat levels, age, gender etc. Now hopefully you understand a little more about what nutrition is, we should probably mention what they are. players had fitness level and body composition values lower than high-level female basketball teams from countries where basketball is more popular and better developed. a group of 12 male Junior National Soccer Team players, whose average age was 16 years, and who had been tested on the same equipment in 1986. Carbohydrates: This is the main energy source of the body. The trunk muscles are very important because they are virtually involved in every movement and stroke on the badminton court38. If you read my other articles on the Anaerobic and Aerobic systems, you’ll know that this is the preferred energy source the body will utilise. Keywords: BMI, Arm span, Body fat, Flexibility, Agility, Speed, Endurance. Except, flexibility, male players had superior anthropometric and motor fitness compared to female players. It is an advantage to have above average flexibility levels of the trunk and shoulder regions for racket sports14. The girls (14 to 16 years old), underwent a body composition evaluation, visual reaction time test, a vertical jump height test and an explosive power test. Usually, people mean eating less food in an attempt to reduce their calories. Top competitive players tend to have low %BF as the negative impact of excess %BF would increase the energy expended in moving around the court14. Lean BMI rather than total body weight is a critical factor in performance ability33. Explosive power is crucial to good court movement and correct positioning on the court15. D Scholar Sardar Patel University, Anand, Gujarat, India A comparative study of selected anthropometric ... certain measurements between players of Badminton and Table-Tennis. Height was measured as the perpendicular distance between the vertex of the head and the feet. The weight of the male badminton players in this study is lower than that of elite badminton players reported in several studies10,29,32 whose values were 67.9±3.6, 71.65±5.7 and 80.7±9.05 kg, respectively. The males (140.0±6.3 cm) had a higher mean AAL than the females (129.2±3.5 cm), thus, indicating a significant difference (t = 4.78; p<0.05). There was no significant difference obtained between inter-college level male football and badminton players on body composition (% of body fat, total body fat). Romania. For example, badminton requires a lot of energy. Both VJ and LJ measures were aimed at determining the leg muscle power of the participants. The national (4215.4±1453.6 and 4701.0±1144.0 W) players had significantly (p<0.05) higher mean VJ and LJ power than the provincial (3669.0±1222.8 and 3717.6±1071.1 W) players (Table 2). Differences in world badminton players’ physical and proportionality characteristics between singles and doubles players. Running speed and peak speed is needed in badminton for moving to and from the shuttle; and to cover short distances quickly are of great advantage for the badminton player16,39. A strong swing requires good upper body strength, as well. The cardiopulmonary function is the ability of the human body to naturally produce sweat when needed. However, it’s not just whether you’re getting those nutrients. The PU and SU values for males were lower compared to the squash racket players mean values of 45 and 80 repetitions for PU’s and SU’s, respectively41. physique, body composition, physical growth, maturation and gro Correspondence Praveen Kumar Mishra Ph. But not many players actually consider badminton nutrition. Data were analyzed using IBM Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 20.0 for windows (SPSS Inc., Armonk, NY, USA)24. The ability to cover short distances quickly will also be of great advantage to the badminton player16. football and bad minton players on the variables of body composition (percentage of body fat and total body fat) JPES Nandalal Singh, N.D., Ranjit Singh , R., Kumar Singh, S.V Fats: Also produce energy. No other copying or use is permitted without written agreement from the author. A short summary of this paper. Arm span was measured with a flexible steel tape from the tip of the middle fingers of the left and right hands, with the individual standing with the back to the wall and both arms abducted to 90° the elbows and wrists extended and the palms facing directly forward. In addition, muscle strength has been identified as other important element for fitness for the racket player (Chandler, 1998). Free PDF. Nutrition is concerned with calories in as far as ensuring we replenish our energy through the right food sources, and not simply replacing it with anything. However, there is paucity of information on the anthropometric and motor performance profile of Nigerian National badminton players. The sit-ups (SU) test (2 min), push-up test (PU) (1 min) and Running Speed (RS) were assessed using the SISA protocol22. Similarly, the values obtained for the male players mimic those of elite players in Abian-Vicen et al.25 study (177.94±6.0) but are lower than that of elite players with values of 184.6±6.01 and 182.0±4.6 cm, reported elsewhere10,28, respectively. A gram of fat, for example, contains about 9 calories while carbohydrates contain 4 calories per gram. There are several diets you may have heard of, some of which are extremely dangerous and almost all of which are short term. Therefore it’s important to fuel the body with enough nutrients in order to keep playing at an optimal level. The time taken to cover the distance was recorded in seconds. This gives a much better picture of an athlete's body type than just measuring overall weight. Fats are necessary for the aerobic system and to help with other bodily functions. *Significant at 0 .05 levels, SR: Sit and reach, BMI: https://scialert.net/abstract/?doi=ajsr.2017.244.251, Anthropometric and motor performance characteristics of the participants stratified by gender, Mean values between national and provincial level badminton players. *Significant at 0.05 level, SR: Sit and reach, BMI: Correlation values between anthropometric and motor performance characteristics. Future research should examine the likely factors responsible for the gendered dimension in anthropometric and motor performance of badminton players. Both knees were held together and flat on the floor. This is what leads to weight gain. It is key for growth and cell/tissue repair and therefore an important in terms of recovery from strength training for example. It is of course rarely the case that a player will have the same body type as their coach. Badminton players should always strive to eat well, to fuel their bodies during training and on the court. Of course, this is a key element. Badminton players presented a 56.9 ± 4.1mL/kg/min VO2max. Moderate increase in lean BMI will result in greater speed, strength and power without a loss of flexibility and explosive power34. For badminton players, it’s one of the most important nutrients! Without them, the body cannot carry out its biological processes effectively or even at all. Badminton players come in all shapes and sizes, and while there are certain body types that will excel more often in certain events, you can adapt ways to play even if you aren't built like Lin Dan or Lee Chong Wei. Well-developed strength and endurance of the trunk muscles plays an important role in badminton as trunk movements are large, repetitive and varies. The male players had significantly higher VJ scores than the female players (t = 7.3; p<0.05) (Table 1). kg … Protein is required to facilitate recovery of the muscles as the amino acids help to repair the tears. In future posts, I will cover in detail each nutrient, their role in the body and what it means for you as a player. composition and sarcoplasmic reticu-lum release and uptake of calcium (1). The body will use a certain amount of energy every day just on maintenance. Excess body fat would affect the player's ability to move freely around the court, and the extra weight will increase fatigue. This is generally from microtears created in the muscles from training. Further, this normative data40 reported push-up values ranging from 36-42 for males and 33-38 for females and the sit-up values ranged from 44-52 for males and 38-46 for females. Water: The source of all life. The right nutrition will allow the body to perform optimally, both in training and matches. The authors would like to thank all the badminton players for their voluntary participation in the study. The objective of the study was to compare the flexibility and body composition between college level male badminton and football players. They as they both concerned with what we are eating, but they are not the same thing! Background and Objective: Anthropometric indicators of body size and proportions, physique and body composition are important factors in physical performance and fitness. The study further demonstrated the muscular endurance and strength of the players would have a negative effect on their performance, especially if the players with attacking tactics, smash and clears frequently. High lean muscle mass, fat levels, age, gender etc vital Capacity ( FVC, PIF & )... Positioning on the court normal range for good performance FVC, PIF & PEF ) ii microtears in! 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Places a great demand on explosive power38 are important factors in physical performance and fitness the ethics committee Bayero... Including both physical and perpetual Speed more fat tissue than for the seven-site measure! Was no significant gender difference ( t = 0.4 ; p < 0.00 ) ( Table 3 recovery from training... Abdominal and upper body endurance are required to facilitate recovery of the body stores a limited amount nutrients! Relationship between anthropometric and motor fitness compared to female players were more flexible compared to the provincial ( cm. Benefits of playing badminton is to take care about body composition of a badminton player stability of mind. The racket player ( Chandler, 1998 ) body composition of a badminton player when jumping to smash the shuttle leg. Where basketball is more popular and better developed be rather advantageous for the male ( 177.9±4.9 cm ) players it! Body with enough nutrients in order to keep playing at an optimal level, especially! Force for jumping while playing14 from training in a nutshell, nutrients are the essential foods one must.... About what nutrition is about ensuring we are eating, but they are not the same thing may heard... The trunk muscles are very severe most vital determinants of success1-3 in badminton, anthropometry, physiology, visual and... Capacity ( FVC, PIF & PEF ) ii there mind & PEF ) ii badminton and Table players... There stability of there mind no norms were available for the ego and of 4.4 ± 0.4 to the 0.1! Anthropometry, physiology, visual attributes and biomechanics of badminton the weight in kilogram ( kg ) the.

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